Opel Insignia Owners & Service Manuals

Opel Insignia: Description and Operation

POWER STEERING SYSTEM DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION (ELECTRONIC POWER STEERING)

Power Steering

K43 - K43 Power Steering Control Module
K17 - K17 Electronic Brake Control Module
P16 - P16 Instrument Cluster
B137 - B137 Power Steering Shaft Torque Sensor
M38 - M38 Power Steering Motor

The power steering system consists of the following components:

  • The power steering control module
  • The power steering motor
  • The power steering motor rotational sensor
  • The torque sensor
  • The steering gear (rack and dual pinion)

The rack and dual pinion electric power steering system reduces the amount of effort needed to steer the vehicle utilizing the power steering control module to control the power steering motor to maneuver the steering gear. The power steering control module also uses a combination of the torque sensor, motor rotational sensor, battery voltage circuit and GMLAN serial data circuit to perform the system functions.

The power steering control module monitors vehicle speed and engine speed from the engine control module via the GMLAN serial data circuit to determine the amount of steering assist needed to steer the vehicle. At low speeds more assist is provided for easy turning during parking maneuvers. At higher speeds less assist is provided for improved road feel and directional stability.

The power steering control module uses a combination of the torque sensor, motor rotational sensor, vehicle speed, and calculated system temperature inputs to determine the amount of assist needed. The power steering control module continuously monitors the digital torque sensor's torque and index current signals. As the steering wheel is turned and torsional twist is applied to the steering shaft, the steering input and output shafts are monitored via the torque signal circuit and then processed by the power steering control module to calculate the steering torque. The voltage signals of the motor position sensor and the digital torque sensor's index current signal are both processed by the power steering control module to detect and calculate the steering wheel angle.

The power steering control module responds to the change in the digital torque sensor signals as well as the motor rotational sensor's voltage signals by commanding current to the power steering motor. The power steering control module controls the pulse width modulated motor drive circuit to drive the 3-phase motor.

The power steering control module and motor assembly is attached to the base of the steering gear housing and assists the steering gear pinion to maneuver the rack from left to right according to turning the steering wheel.

The power steering control module has the ability to calculate an internal system temperature to protect the power steering system from damage caused by high temperature. To reduce a high system temperature, the power steering control module will reduce the amount of current commanded to the power steering motor, which reduces the amount of steering assist. The power steering control module has the ability to detect malfunctions within the electric power steering system. Any malfunction detected that disables steering assist will cause the SERVICE POWER STEERING message to be displayed on the driver information center.

SPECIAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

SPECIAL TOOLS

CH-24319 - 01

CH-24319- B

J-24319-B

SA91100C 7503

Universal Steering Linkage and Tie Rod Puller

Power Steering

CH-39570

J-39570

Chassis Ear

Power Steering

DT-35910

J-35910

Drive Axle Boot Clamp Pliers

Power Steering

GE-8001

J-8001

Dial Indicator Set

Power Steering

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