Opel Insignia Owners & Service Manuals

Opel Insignia: Diagnostic Information and Procedures

LEAK TESTING

Special Tools

  • GE-41447 A/C Tracer Dye-Box of 24
  • GE-42220 Universal 12V Leak Detection Lamp
  • GE-43872 Fluorescent Dye Cleaner
  • GE-50078 Electronic Leak Detector
  • GE-50744 R-1234yf PAG Oil Injection Hose
  • GE-50745 R-1234yf POE Oil Injection Hose

Equivalent regional tools: Special Tools

Refrigerant Leak Testing

Technicians repairing or servicing motor vehicle air conditioning (MVAC) systems must be trained and certified by an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) approved organization. Certification is obtained by passing an EPA approved examination.

WARNING: Technicians must only use a SAE J2913 certified electronic leak detector when checking for leaks in an R-1234yf A/C refrigerant system. Other, non - certified, leak detection devices could serve as ignition sources in the presence of hydrocarbons or other flammable refrigerants. Failure to follow these precautions may cause personal injury and/or damage to the vehicle or its components.

WARNING: Refer to R-1234yf Proper Service Procedures Warning.

WARNING: R1234-yf is considered a mildly flammable refrigerant and proper refrigerant leak testing should be completed to ensure safe and proper operation. Failure to follow these precautions may cause personal injury and/or damage to the vehicle or its components.

CAUTION: Leak detection shall only be done with the refrigerant that is specified for the system. Do not attempt to increase pressure of the A/C refrigerant system with shop air or another type of refrigerant. Failure to follow the above guidelines could result in damage to the vehicle or its components.

NOTE: General Motors vehicles are manufactured with fluorescent dye installed in the Air Conditioning (A/C) refrigerant system.

The fluorescent dye mixes and flows with the A/C compressor oil throughout the refrigerant system.

NOTE: The only time adding additional fluorescent dye is required is after flushing the A/C system.

Verifying some passive leaks may require using GE-50078 Leak Detector or a SAE J2913 leak detector, even though the refrigerant system contains fluorescent dye.

Fluorescent Leak Detection

Fluorescent dye will assist in locating any leaks in the A/C system.

  • Condensation on the evaporator core or the refrigerant lines may wash the compressor oil and fluorescent dye away from the actual leak. Condensation may also carry dye through the Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) module drain.
  • Leaks in the A/C system will be indicated in a light green or yellow color when using the leak detection lamp.

Use the leak detection lamp in the following areas:

  • All fittings or connections that use seal washers or O-rings
  • All of the A/C components
  • The A/C compressor shaft seal
  • The A/C hoses and pressure switches
  • The HVAC module drain tube, if the evaporator core is suspected of leaking
  • The service port sealing caps
  • The sealing cap is the primary seal for the service ports
  • Follow the instructions supplied with GE-42220 Leak Detection Lamp.
  • To prevent false diagnosis in the future, thoroughly clean the residual dye from any area where leaks were found. Use a rag and the approved GE-43872 Dye Cleaner.

Fluorescent Dye Injection

NOTE: Use only fluorescent dye approved by General Motors.

  • Not all of the fluorescent dyes are compatible with all air conditioning oils. Some types of dye decrease the oil viscosity or may chemically react with the oil.
  • GE-41447 A/C Tracer Dye-Box of 24 can be poured directly into a removed A/C component.

NOTE: Do NOT overcharge the A/C system with dye.

  • If the A/C system has been repaired and oil is needed in the system, use either the GE-50744 R-1234yf PAG Oil Injection Hose or GE-50745 R-1234yf POE Oil Injection Hose.
  • Leak detection dye requires time to work. Depending upon the leak rate, a leak may not become visible for between 15 minutes and 7 days.
  • To prevent false diagnosis, thoroughly clean any residual dye from the service port with a rag and the approved GE-43872 Dye Cleaner.

Electronic Leak Detector - SAE J2913 Certified

Ensure that the vehicle has at least 15 percent of the specified refrigerant charge in the A/C refrigeration system in order to perform a leak test. Refer to Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging (R-1234yf).

NOTE: Follow a continuous path in order to ensure that you will not miss any possible leaks. Test all areas of the system for leaks.

Follow the manufacturer instructions supplied with GE-50078 Electronic Leak Detector or a SAE J2913 certified electronic leak detector.

AIR CONDITIONING (A/C) SYSTEM PERFORMANCE TEST

This test measures the operating efficiency of the A/C system under the following conditions:

  • The current ambient air temperature
  • The current relative humidity
  • The high side pressure of the A/C system
  • The low side pressure of the A/C system
  • The temperature of the air being discharged into the passenger compartment

Test Description

The numbers below refer to the step numbers on the diagnostic table.

1

This step determines if the A/C system has at least the minimum refrigerant charge required to operate the system without damage.

2

This step measures the performance of the A/C system.

3

This step is to allow for vehicle variations as well as high ambient temperatures.

NOTE:

  • The ambient air temperature must be at least 16ºC (60ºF).
  • Do not induce additional air flow across the front of the vehicle during the test.
  • If you were sent here from a DTC diagnostic table, clear the DTC upon completion of this test.

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning

A/C Performance Table

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning

A/C DIAGNOSTICS CHART

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning

NOTE: Restrictions can occur in any part of an A/C system and may result in various gauge pressure values, depending on the system design and service port locations. The use of a non-contact, infrared thermometer can help diagnose a restricted A/C system with the ability to quickly observe significant, unexpected temperature changes in components and plumbing due to debris, contamination, pinched/damaged hoses, etc.

HEATING PERFORMANCE DIAGNOSTIC

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning

DEFROSTING INSUFFICIENT

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning

NOISE DIAGNOSIS - BLOWER MOTOR

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning

AIR CONDITIONING COMPRESSOR OIL DIAGNOSIS

CAUTION: Always ensure the correct refrigerant oil is used during A/C servicing of R-134a or R- 1234YF systems. Failure to use the correct refrigerant oil could cause A/C performance issues and/or A/C system failure.

NOTE: To avoid repeat compressor failure, always inspect the condition of the refrigerant oil and take the appropriate corrective action before installing the replacement compressor.

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning

NOISE DIAGNOSIS - AIR CONDITIONING (A/C) SYSTEM

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning

NOISE DIAGNOSIS - HVAC MODULE

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning

ODOR DIAGNOSIS

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning

    READ NEXT:

     Repair Instructions

    Odor Correction Eliminating Air Conditioning (A/C) Odor Odors may be emitted from the heat and air conditioning system primarily at start up in hot, humid climates. When the blower motor fan is turn

     Special Tools and Equipment

    SPECIAL TOOLS BO-38185 J-38185 Hose Clamp Pliers GE-8800 J-43600 ACR 2000 Air Conditioning Service Center GE-39400-A J-39400-A Halogen Leak Detector GE-41447 J-41447 R-134a/R123yf A/C Tracer Dye -

     HVAC - Automatic

    SPECIFICATIONS FASTENER TIGHTENING TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS Reusable Threaded Fastener Tightening Specifications NOTE: All fasteners listed in this table can be reused after removal. SCHEMATIC WIRING DI

    SEE MORE:

     Diagnostic Information and Procedures

    DTC B370A Diagnostic Instructions Perform the Diagnostic System Check - Vehicle prior to using this diagnostic procedure. Review Strategy Based Diagnosis for an overview of the diagnostic approach. Diagnostic Procedure Instructions provide an overview of each diagnostic category. DTC Desc

     Diagnostic Information and Procedures

    DTC P0010, P0013, or P2088-P2091 Diagnostic Instructions Perform the Diagnostic System Check prior to using this diagnostic procedure: Diagnostic System Check - Vehicle Review the description of Strategy Based Diagnosis: Strategy Based Diagnosis An overview of each diagnostic category can b

    © 2019-2024 Copyright www.opinsb.com