Opel Insignia Owners & Service Manuals

Opel Insignia: Specifications, Diagnostic Information and Procedures

Opel Insignia B 2018-2024 Service Manual / Suspension / Tires and Wheels / Specifications, Diagnostic Information and Procedures

SPECIFICATIONS

FASTENER SPECIFICATIONS

Reusable Threaded Fastener Tightening Specifications

NOTE: All Fasteners Listed In This Table Can Be Reused After Removal.

Tires and Wheels

ADHESIVES, FLUIDS, LUBRICANTS, AND SEALERS

Tires and Wheels

DIAGNOSTIC INFORMATION AND PROCEDURES

TIRE DIAGNOSIS - IRREGULAR OR PREMATURE WEAR

Tire Wear

Tires and Wheels

  1. Under-Inflation, Hard Cornering, Lack Of Regular Rotation
  2. Incorrect Wheel Alignment, Hard Cornering, Lack Of Regular Rotation
  3. Incorrect Wheel Alignment
  4. Over-Inflation, Heavy Acceleration, Lack Of Regular Rotation
  5. Normal Wear To The Wear Indicator

Inspection Procedure

1. Inspect The Front Tire Wear.

2. Inspect The Rear Tire Wear.

3. Rotate The Tires If Any Of The Following Conditions Exist:

  • The Amount Of Time Or Mileage Since The Last Tire Rotation Matches The Maintenance Schedule.
  • The Outer Tread Blocks Are Worn More Than The Middle Tread Blocks (1).
  • The Outer Tread Blocks Are Worn More Than The Inner Tread Blocks (2).
  • The Middle Tread Blocks Are Worn More Than The Outer Tread Blocks (4).

4. Measure The Wheel Alignment If Any Of The Following Conditions Exist:

  • The Tread Blocks Have Feathered Edges (3).
  • The Outer Tread Blocks Are Worn More Than The Inner Tread Blocks (2).
  • The Inner Tread Blocks Are Worn More Than The Outer Tread Blocks (2).

5. Inspect The Struts Or The Shock Absorbers If The Tire Tread Exhibits A Cupped Appearance (3).

TIRE DIAGNOSIS - WADDLE COMPLAINT

Tires and Wheels

Tire Waddle Is A Side To Side Movement At The Front Of The Vehicle And/Or The Rear Of The Vehicle.

Tire Waddle Can Be Caused By The Following Conditions:

  • A Steel Belt Not Being Straight Within The Tire (1)
  • Excessive Lateral Runout Of The Tire (1)
  • Excessive Lateral Runout Of The Wheel (2)

The Tire Waddle Is Most Noticeable At A Low Speed Of About 8 - 48 Km/H (5 - 30 Mph). Tire Waddle May Appear As Ride Roughness At 80 - 113 Km/H (50 - 70 Mph). Tire Waddle May Appear As A Vibration At 80 - 113 Km/H (50 - 70 Mph).

Inspection Procedure

1. Raise And Support The Vehicle.

WARNING: Wear Gloves When Inspecting The Tires In Order To Prevent Personal Injury From Steel Belts Sticking Through The Tire.

2. Perform The Following Preliminary Inspection:

  1. Mark The Tire With A Crayon In Order To Note The Start And The Stop Position.
  2. Rotate Each Tire And Wheel By Hand.
  3. Inspect The Tire For Bulges Or Bent Wheels. Replace As Necessary.

3. Use Tire Substitution In Order To Identify The Faulty Tire. Perform The Following Steps For A Tire Substitution Check:

  1. Use A Comparable Tire In Order To Replace Each Tire, One At A Time. tire And Wheel Removal And Installation
  2. Test Drive The Vehicle.
  3. If The Problem Is Tire Or Wheel Related, You Will Eliminate The Problem When You Remove The Faulty Tire From The Vehicle.

WHEEL MOUNTING SURFACE CHECK

CAUTION: The Use Of Non-Gm Original Equipment Wheels May Cause:

  • Damage To The Wheel Bearing, The Wheel Fasteners And The Wheel
  • Tire Damage Caused By The Modified Clearance To The Adjacent Vehicle Components
  • Adverse Vehicle Steering Stability Caused By The Modified Scrub Radius
  • Damage To The Vehicle Caused By The Modified Ground Clearance
  • Speedometer And Odometer Inaccuracy

Replace Any Wheels That Are Bent Or Dented, Or Have Excessive Lateral Or Radial Runout. Wheels With Runout Greater Than Specified May Cause Objectionable Vibrations.

Replacement Wheels Must Be Equivalent To The Original Equipment Wheels In The Following Ways:

  • The Load Capacity
  • The Wheel Diameter
  • The Rim Width
  • The Wheel Offset
  • The Mounting Configuration

A Wheel Of The Incorrect Size Or Type May Affect The Following Conditions:

  • Wheel And Hub-Bearing Life
  • Brake Cooling
  • Speedometer/Odometer Calibration
  • Vehicle Ground Clearance
  • Tire Clearance To The Body And The Chassis

It Is Recommended That An Approved Tire Balancer Capable Of Reading Lateral And Radial Runout Be Used To Perform This Check Following The Tire Balancer Manufacturer Instructions. If One Is Not Available, Perform The Following Procedure:

1.

Tires and Wheels

Thoroughly Clean The Wheel Mounting Surface (1) With A Clean Shop Towel And Denatured Alcohol, Or Equivalent.

2. Use A Straight Edge 203 - 229 Mm (8 - 9 In) In Length (2). Place The Straight Edge (2) On The Wheel Mounting Surface (1). Try To Rock The Straight Edge (2) Up And Down Within The Wheel Mounting Surface (1).

3. For Aluminum Flat-Mount Wheels, Repeat The Procedure In Step 2 On At Least 3 - 4 Different Positions On The Wheel Mounting Surface (1).

4. If You Can Rock The Straight Edge (2), The Mounting Surface (1) Is Bent And The Wheel Must Be Replaced.

5. Inspect The Mounting Wheel/Nut Holes For Damage Caused From Over-Torquing The Wheel/Nuts.

Inspect For Collapsed Wheel/Nut Bosses. Inspect For Cracked Wheel Bosses. Replace The Wheel If Damage Is Found.

6.

Tires and Wheels

For Steel Wheels, Repeat The Procedure In Step 2 On At Least 3 - 4 Different Positions On The Wheel Mounting Surface (2).

NOTE: The Outer Mounting Ring Is Designed To Be Raised Slightly Above The Inner Mounting Ring.

7. If You Can Rock The Straight Edge (1), The Mounting Surface (2) Is Bent And The Wheel Must Be Replaced.

8.

Tires and Wheels

Inspect The Mounting Wheel/Nut Holes (1) For Damage Caused From Over-Torquing The Wheel/Nuts. Inspect For Collapsed Wheel/Nut Bosses. Inspect For Cracked Wheel Bosses. If Damage Is Found, The Wheel Must Be Replaced.

9. Replace The Wheel If The Wheel Is Bent.

10. Replace The Wheel If The Wheel/Nut Boss Area Is Cracked.

Identify Steel Wheels With A 2 Or 3 - Letter Code Stamped Into The Rim Near The Valve Stem.

Aluminum Wheels Have The Code, The Part Number, And The Manufacturer Identification Cast Into The Back Side Of The Wheel.

RADIAL TIRE LEAD/PULL CORRECTION

Tires and Wheels

    READ NEXT:

     Repair Instructions

    Aluminum Wheel Porosity Repair 1. Remove The Tire And Wheel. 2. Inflate The Tire To The Pressure Stated On The Tire Placard. 3. Submerge The Tire/Wheel Into A Water Bath In Order To Locate The Leak

     Description and Operation

    Metric Wheel Nuts and Bolts Description Metric Wheel Nuts And Bolts Are Identified In The Following Way: The Wheel Nut Has The Word Metric Stamped On The Face. The Letter M Is Stamped On The End Of

     Wheel Alignment

    SEE MORE:

     HVAC - Manual

    SPECIFICATIONS FASTENER SPECIFICATIONS Reusable Threaded Fastener Tightening Specifications NOTE: All fasteners listed in this table can be reused after removal. REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS HEATER AND AIR CONDITIONING USER INTERFACE CONTROL REPLACEMENT Preliminary Procedure Instrument Panel Lower Trim Pan

     Timing Gears

    TIMING GEAR BACKLASH & RUNOUT NOTE: Examples used in this article are general in nature and do not necessarily relate to a specific engine or system. Illustrations and procedures have been chosen to guide mechanic through engine overhaul process. Descriptions of processes of cleaning, inspectio

    © 2019-2024 Copyright www.opinsb.com