Opel Insignia Owners & Service Manuals

Opel Insignia: Repair Instructions

Theft Deterrent Module Replacement

Immobilizer

Preliminary Procedure

Front Floor Console Replacement.

  1. Theft Deterrent Module
    Procedure
    1. Disconnect the electrical connector.
    2. Control Module References for programming and setup information, if required.

IMMOBILIZER SYSTEM COMPONENT PROGRAMMING (WITHOUT BTM)

This procedure will learn the immobilizer function. If the battery voltage is low, charge the battery before proceeding with the learn. If the body control module (BCM) or engine control module (ECM) have been replaced, they must be programmed before performing this learn procedure.

Depending on the immobilizer function being learned or the component replaced, different learn functions are required to be performed. These learn functions are as follows:

Immobilizer

Immobilizer

1. Connect a scan tool to the vehicle and access SPS.

2. Turn ON the ignition, with the engine OFF.

3. Ensure that all power consuming devices are turned OFF on the vehicle.

4. Select SPS application and follow the on-screen instructions.

5. Select Reprogram ECU.

6. Select IMMO Immobilizer Learn - Setup.

7. Select the appropriate programming function based on the component that was replaced or is being programmed. Refer to the table at the top of this document for assistance in choosing the correct programming function.

8. Follow the on-screen instructions.

9. After programming all keys "Programming Complete" is displayed.

10. Press the lock and unlock button on each transmitter that was programmed. This will awaken each transmitter and allow keyless entry functions to be established.

11. With a scan tool, clear any DTCs.

12. Verify each key is operating properly. Operate each of the keyless entry functions using the buttons on the transmitter and then start the vehicle. When verifying operation, make sure that no other keys are near the vehicle.

IMMOBILIZER SYSTEM COMPONENT PROGRAMMING (WITH BTM)

This procedure will learn the immobilizer function and require greater than 15 minutes to complete. If the battery voltage is low, charge the battery before proceeding with the learn. If the body control module (BCM) or engine control module (ECM) have been replaced, they must be programmed before performing this learn procedure.

Depending on the immobilizer function being learned or the component replaced, different learn functions are required to be performed. These learn functions are as follows:

Immobilizer

1. Connect a scan tool to the vehicle and access SPS.

2. Turn ON the ignition, with the engine OFF.

3. Ensure that all power consuming devices are turned OFF on the vehicle.

4. Select SPS application and follow the on-screen instructions.

5. Select Reprogram ECU.

6. Select IMMO Immobilizer Learn - Setup.

7. Select the appropriate programming function based on the component that was replaced or is being programmed. Refer to the table at the top of this document for assistance in choosing the correct programming function.

NOTE:

  • At multiple times during the learn procedure, SPS will instruct you to turn the ignition to the run position. Make sure the vehicle is actually in the run mode before continuing on the SPS terminal. If the ignition is not in the run mode, the learn procedure will fail. To verify the vehicle is in Run mode, verify the green LED is illuminated on the ignition mode switch.
  • The key pocket is located inside the front center console storage area where the lock icon is located. Place the key into the pocket with the buttons facing up.

8. Follow the on-screen instructions.

NOTE: If the programming does not complete or hangs during the programming operation, refer to Unable to Complete Programming below.

9. After programming all keys "Programming Complete" is displayed.

10. Press and hold the ignition mode switch for 15 seconds.

11. Press the lock and unlock button on each transmitter that was programmed. This will awaken each transmitter and allow passive and active keyless entry functions to be established.

12. With a scan tool, clear any DTCs.

13. Verify each key is operating properly. Operate each of the keyless entry functions using the buttons on the transmitter and then start the vehicle. When verifying operation, make sure that no other keys are near the vehicle.

Unable to Complete Programming

When attempting to program immobilizer components, various conditions may prevent the programming operation from completing. These conditions may be caused by normal system operation, a system malfunction, or an external influence. Common symptoms of an incomplete programming are receiving an error message during the attempt or having the SPS application become unresponsive.

  • DTCs are set in the body control module (BCM).

    The immobilizer system is a function of the BCM software. If immobilizer DTCs are set in the BCM, such as DTC B2955, a fault has been identified in the immobilizer system. If this is not corrected before attempting to program components, the programming may not complete. Correct all immobilizer DTCs before attempting to program any immobilizer components.

  • The key has been programmed to another vehicle or is not the correct type for the vehicle.

    A key can only be programmed to a single vehicle. Once a key is programmed to a vehicle, it is paired for the life of the key. The key can be learned to the same vehicle again and again, but it cannot be programmed to a different vehicle.

    Many vehicles are available with both a base keyless entry system and an optional passive entry system. These keys typically look identical but cannot be substituted for one another. To verify the key is correct, compare the part number that is etched on the key to the part number identified in the parts catalog. The key should be correct for the system installed in the vehicle.

  • The theft deterrent module is not properly secured or the key is not properly positioned in the pocket/slot.

    A theft deterrent module that is not fully seated or is otherwise not properly secured may prevent a coupling between the transponder located in the key and the theft deterrent module. Being out of place by as little as 1 mm may prevent programming from completing. Make sure the theft deterrent module is properly installed and fully seated in its clip.

    The key should be positioned in the proper orientation so that it lays flat in the pocket. If a large key ring or other item attached to the key prevents the key from laying flat, remove the key ring.

    To determine if the theft deterrent module is properly secured, remove the battery from the key and place the key into the pocket/slot. Attempt to change the vehicle mode by pressing the vehicle ON/OFF switch. The vehicle should change modes. If the NO REMOTE DETECTED message is displayed on the DIC, the theft deterrent module may not be properly secured.

  • External interference is interrupting the programming operation.

    External RF interference and EMI may interrupt the low frequency coupling between the key and theft deterrent module. This interference may come from many different locations. Devices plugged into the vehicle power outlets such as cell phone chargers, laptop computers, GPS devices, etc. may cause interference. Vehicle location may also cause interference. Locations near airports and military installations may causer interference. Remove all customer installed devices and, if necessary, move the vehicle if interference is suspected.

Key with Integrated Transmitter Programming (without BTM)

Keys can be programmed in various ways using the procedures outlined below. Using the Replacing Keys procedures will first erase all the known keys from the vehicle. Any existing keys and any new keys will then be programmed. This procedure should be used any time a key is required to be unlearned or erased from a vehicle. If a new key is being learned to a vehicle to replace a damaged, inoperative, or stolen key, the Replacing Keys procedure must be used. This ensures that the old key cannot be used to access or start the vehicle after programming.

The Adding Keys procedure does not erase any keys prior to programming. The procedure will simply program the key into the next available slot. The Adding Keys procedure should only be used when adding an additional key to the vehicle. The Adding Keys procedure should never be used to program a key to a vehicle that is having a key replaced, regardless of the cause for the replacement.

Replacing Keys (With SPS)

NOTE:

  • If no keys are present this procedure requires programming 2 keys during the same programming event or the vehicle will not exit the procedure.
  • This procedure may be used with or without existing learned keys being present.
  • A total of eight keys may be learned to a single vehicle.
  • This procedure will only learn the vehicle key information. This procedure will not learn any immobilizer information between the body control module (BCM) and engine control module (ECM).
  • If the battery voltage is low, charge the battery before continuing with the procedure.

1. Connect a scan tool to the vehicle and access SPS.

2. Ensure that all power consuming devices are turned OFF on the vehicle.

3. Select the SPS application and follow the on-screen instructions.

4. Select Reprogram ECU.

5. Select IMMO Immobilizer Learn - Setup.

6. Select the Program Transponder or Remote Key (Delete) function.

7. Follow the on-screen instructions.

8. After programming all keys, "Programming Complete" is displayed.

9. Press the lock and unlock button on each key that was programmed. This will awaken each key and allow keyless entry functions to be established.

10. With a scan tool, clear any DTCs.

11. Verify each key is operating properly. Operate each of the keyless entry functions using the buttons on the key and then start the vehicle. When verifying operation, make sure that no other keys are near the vehicle.

Replacing Keys (Without SPS) - United States and Mexico only

NOTE:

  • If no keys are present this procedure requires programming 2 keys during the same programming event or the vehicle will not exit the procedure.
  • This procedure should be used without existing learned keys being present.
  • A total of eight keys may be learned to a single vehicle.
  • This procedure will only learn the vehicle key information. This procedure will not learn any immobilizer information between the body control module (BCM) and engine control module (ECM).
  • If the battery voltage is low, charge the battery before continuing with the procedure.

1. With an unlearned master vehicle key, turn ON the ignition, with the engine OFF.

2. Observe the security indicator, after approximately 10 min the indicator will turn off.

3. Turn OFF the ignition and wait 5 s.

4. Repeat steps 1 - 3 two more times for a total of 3 cycles or 30 min.

NOTE: The body control module learns the key transponder information upon the ignition transition from OFF to ON. You must turn the ignition OFF before attempting to start the vehicle.

5. Start the vehicle. The vehicle has now learned the key transponder information.

6. Additional keys may be learned using the Adding Keys procedure.

7. Clear all DTCs.

Adding Keys (With SPS)

NOTE:

  • This procedure may be used with or without existing learned keys being present.
  • A total of eight keys may be learned to a single vehicle.
  • This procedure will only learn the vehicle key information. This procedure will not learn any immobilizer information between the body control module (BCM) and engine control module (ECM).
  • If the battery voltage is low, charge the battery before continuing with the procedure.

1. Connect a scan tool to the vehicle and access SPS.

2. Ensure that all power consuming devices are turned OFF on the vehicle.

3. Select the SPS application and follow the on-screen instructions.

4. Select Reprogram ECU.

5. Select IMMO Immobilizer Learn - Setup.

6. Select the Program Transponder or Remote Key (Add) function.

7. Follow the on-screen instructions.

8. After programming all keys, "Programming Complete" is displayed.

9. Press the lock and unlock button on each key that was programmed. This will awaken each key and allow keyless entry functions to be established.

10. With a scan tool, clear any DTCs.

11. Verify each key is operating properly. Operate each of the keyless entry functions using the buttons on the key and then start the vehicle. When verifying operation, make sure that no other keys are near the vehicle.

Adding Keys (Without SPS) - North America only

NOTE:

  • To initiate, this procedure requires that 2 learned keys be available.
  • A total of eight keys may be learned to a single vehicle.
  • This procedure adds keys only. The procedure does not erase previously learned keys.
  • The keys to be learned must duplicate the mechanical cut of the current key.

1. With a previously learned key, turn the ignition ON.

2. Turn the ignition OFF and remove the key.

3. With a second previously learned key, turn the ignition ON.

4. Within 10 seconds of turning OFF the ignition, insert the key to be learned and turn ON the ignition. Keep the key in the ignition ON position for 5 seconds. The vehicle has now learned the new key and integrated keyless entry transmitter.

Key with Integrated Transmitter Programming (with BTM)

Keys can be programming in various ways using the procedures outlined below. Using the Replacing Keys procedure will first erase all the known keys from the vehicle. Any existing keys and any new keys will then be programmed. This procedure should be used any time a key is required to be unlearned or erased from a vehicle. If a new key is being learned to a vehicle to replace a damaged, inoperative, missing, or stolen key, the Replacing Keys procedure must be used. This ensures that the old key cannot be used to access or start the vehicle after programming.

The Adding Keys procedure does not erase any keys prior to programming. The procedure will simply program the key into the next available slot. The Adding Keys procedure should only be used when adding an additional keys to the vehicle. The Adding Keys procedure should never be used to program a key to a vehicle that is having a key replaced, regardless of the cause for the replacement.

Replacing Keys (Without SPS)

NOTE:

  • This procedure will unlearn all previously learned keys. All keys that are to be programmed must be with the vehicle.
  • A total of eight keys maybe be learned to a single vehicle.
  • This procedure will only learn the vehicle key information. This procedure will not learn any immobilizer information between the body control module (BCM) and engine control module (ECM).
  • This procedure may be used with or without existing learned keys being present. If existing keys are present, keep the keys away from the vicinity of the vehicle. Failure to keep learned keys away from the vehicle will result in the learn changing to the Adding Keys procedure.
  • The keys to be learned must duplicate the mechanical cut of the current key.

1. Insert the mechanical key of the new key into the key lock cylinder located on the outside of the driver door and turn the key to the unlock position five times within ten seconds. The Driver Information Center (DIC) will display Remote Learn Pending, Please Wait.

2. After ten minutes, the DIC will display Press Engine Start Button To Learn. Press the ignition mode switch. The DIC will again display Remote Learn Pending, Please Wait.

3. Repeat Step 2 two additional times, for a total of thirty minutes. All previously known keys have now been unlearned. Remaining keys can be learned during the next steps. The DIC display will now display Ready For Remote # 1.

NOTE: The key pocket is located inside the front center console storage area where the lock icon is located. Place the key into the pocket with the buttons facing up.

4. Place the new key into the key pocket.

NOTE: If the programming does not complete or hangs during the programming operation, refer to Unable to Complete Programming below.

5. Press the ignition mode switch. When the key is learned the DIC will indicate that it is ready to program the next key.

6. Remove the key from the key pocket and press the unlock button. To program additional keys, repeat Steps 4 through 6.

7. When all additional keys are programmed, press and hold the ignition mode switch for 5 seconds to exit programming mode.

Replacing Keys (With SPS)

NOTE:

  • This procedure will unlearn all previously learned keys. All keys that are to be programmed must be with the vehicle.
  • This procedure may be used with or without existing learned keys being present. If no existing keys are available, this procedure must be used.
  • A total of eight keys maybe be learned to a single vehicle.
  • This procedure will only learn the vehicle key information. This procedure will not learn any immobilizer information between the body control module (BCM) and engine control module (ECM).
  • If the battery voltage is low, charge the battery before continuing with the procedure.

1. Connect a scan tool to the vehicle and access SPS.

2. Ensure that all power consuming devices are turned OFF on the vehicle.

3. Select the SPS application and follow the on-screen instructions.

4. Select Reprogram ECU.

5. Select IMMO Immobilizer Learn - Setup.

6. Select the Program Transponder or Remote Key (Delete) function.

NOTE:

  • At multiple times during the learn procedure, SPS will instruct you to turn the ignition to the run position. Make sure the vehicle is actually in the run mode before continuing on the SPS terminal. If the ignition is not in the run mode, the learn procedure will fail.
  • The key pocket is located inside the front center console storage area where the lock icon is located. Place the key into the pocket with the buttons facing up.

7. Follow the on-screen instructions.

NOTE: If the programming does not complete or hangs during the programming operation, refer to Unable to Complete Programming below.

8. After programming all keys, Programming Complete, is displayed.

9. Press and hold the ignition mode switch for 15 seconds.

10. Press the lock and unlock button on each key that was programmed. This will awaken each key and allow passive and active keyless entry functions to be established.

11. With a scan tool, clear any DTCs.

12. Verify each key is operating properly. Operate each of the keyless entry functions using the buttons on the key and then start the vehicle. When verifying operation, make sure that no other keys are near the vehicle.

Adding Keys (Without SPS)

NOTE:

  • To initiate, this procedure requires that 2 learned keys be available.
  • A total of eight keys maybe be learned to a single vehicle.
  • This procedure adds keys only. The procedure does not erase previously learned keys.
  • The keys to be learned must duplicate the mechanical cut of the current key.

1. Place the recognized keys in the vehicle cupholder.

2. Insert the mechanical key of the new key into the key lock cylinder located on the outside of the driver door and turn the key to the unlock position five times within ten seconds. The Driver Information Center (DIC) will display Ready For Remote #2, 3, 4 or 5.

NOTE: The key pocket is located inside the front center console storage area where the lock icon is located. Place the key into the pocket with the buttons facing up.

3. Place the new key into the key pocket.

NOTE: If the programming does not complete or hangs during the programming operation, refer to Unable to Complete Programming below.

4. Press the ignition mode switch. When the key is learned the DIC will indicate that it is ready to program the next key.

5. Remove the key from the key pocket and press the unlock button. To program additional keys, repeat Steps 3 through 5.

6. When all additional keys are programmed, press and hold the ignition mode switch for 5 seconds to exit programming mode.

Adding Keys (With SPS)

NOTE:

  • This procedure may be used with or without existing learned keys being present. If no existing keys are available, this procedure must be used.
  • A total of eight keys maybe be learned to a single vehicle.
  • This procedure will only learn the vehicle key information.
  • If the battery voltage is low, charge the battery before continuing with the procedure.

1. Connect a scan tool to the vehicle and access SPS..

2. Ensure that all power consuming devices are turned OFF on the vehicle.

3. Select the SPS application and follow the on-screen instructions.

4. Select Reprogram ECU.

5. Select IMMO Immobilizer Learn - Setup.

6. Select the Program Transponder or Remote Key (Add) function.

NOTE:

  • At multiple times during the learn procedure, SPS will instruct you to turn the ignition to the run position. Make sure the vehicle is actually in the run mode before continuing on the SPS terminal. If the ignition is not in the run mode, the learn procedure will fail.
  • The key pocket is located inside the front center console storage area where the lock icon is located. Place the key into the pocket with the buttons facing up.

7. Follow the on-screen instructions.

NOTE: If the programming does not complete or hangs during the programming operation, refer to Unable to Complete Programming below.

8. After programming all keys, Programming Complete, is displayed.

9. Press and hold the ignition mode switch for 15 seconds.

10. Press the lock and unlock button on each key that was programmed. This will awaken each key and allow passive and active keyless entry functions to be established.

11. With a scan tool, clear any DTCs.

12. Verify each key is operating properly. Operate each of the keyless entry functions using the buttons on the key and then start the vehicle. When verifying operation, make sure that no other keys are near the vehicle.

Unable to Complete Programming

When attempting to program immobilizer conponents, various conditions may prevent the programming operation from completing. These conditions may be caused by normal system operation, a system malfunction, or an external influence. Common symptoms of a incomplete programming is receiving an error message during the attempt or having the SPS application become unresponsive.

  • DTCs are set in the body control module (BCM).

    The immobilizer system is a function of the BCM software. If immobilizer DTCs are set in the BCM, such as DTC B2955, a fault has been identified in the immobilizer system. If this is not corrected before attempting to program components, the programming may not complete. Correct all immobilizer DTCs before attempting to program any immobilizer components.

  • The key has been programmed to another vehicle or is not the correct type for the vehicle.

    A key can only be programmed to a single vehicle. Once a key is programming to a vehicle, it is paired for the life of the key. The key can be learned to the same vehicle again and again, but it is not able to be programmed to a different vehicle.

    Many vehicle are available with both a base keyless entry system and an optional passive entry system. These keys typically look identical but cannot be substituted for one another. To verify the key is correct, compare the part number that is etched on the key to the part number identified in the parts catalog. The key should be correct for the system installed in the vehicle.

  • The theft deterrent module is not properly secured or the key is not properly positioned in the pocket/slot.

    A theft deterrent module that is not fully seated or is otherwise not properly secured may prevent a coupling between the transponder located in the key and the theft deterrent module. Being out of place by as little as 1 mm may prevent programming from completing. Make sure the theft deterrent module is properly installed and fully seated in it's clip.

    The key should be positioned in the proper orientation so that it lays flat in the pocket. If a large key ring or other item attached to the key prevents the key from laying flat, remove the key ring.

    To determine if the theft deterrent module is properly secured, remove the battery from the key and place the key into the pocket/slot. Attempt to change the vehicle mode by pressing the vehicle ON/OFF switch. The vehicle should change modes. If the NO REMOTE DETECTED message is displayed on the DIC, the theft deterrent module may not be properly secured.

  • External interference is interrupting the programming operation.

    External RF interference and EMI may interrupt the low frequency coupling between the key and theft deterrent module. This interference may come from many different locations. Devices plugged into the vehicle power outlets such as cell phone chargers, laptop computers, GPS devices, etc. may cause interference. Vehicle location may also cause interference. Locations near airports and military installations may causer interference. Remove all customer installed devices and, if necessary, move the vehicle if interference is suspected.

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