Opel Insignia Owners & Service Manuals

Opel Insignia: Description and Operation

Audible Warnings Description and Operation

The audible warnings alert the driver of a system concern or a critical vehicle condition. If equipped with an serial data communicating audio amplifier, the audio amplifier generates the audible warnings through the speakers. If not equipped with an audio amplifier, the radio generates the audible warnings through the speakers. The radio or audio amplifier receives audible warning requests via serial data. If the radio or audio amplifier receives multiple audible warning requests, the warning with the highest priority sounds first. Different audible warnings may sound with a different frequency or a different chime pattern, depending on the system or module making the request. The chime volume may be selectable through vehicle personalization.

Audible Warnings or Chimes

The following is a list of common audible warnings or chimes. For additional chimes or complete system description, refer to the appropriate system's Description and Operation or the vehicle owner's manual.

  • Driver Seat Belt Reminder - If the vehicle is started and the seat belt is unbuckled, the BCM requests the radio or audio amplifier sound a chime to indicated that the belt is unbuckled. This is accompanied by a flashing driver seat belt indicator on the instrument cluster. If the belt remains unbuckled, the chime cycle may continue multiple times if the vehicle is driven and the indicator will remain on solid.
  • Passenger Seat Belt Reminder - If the passenger presence system determines that their is an occupant in the passenger seat and the vehicle is started with the passenger seat belt unbuckled, the BCM requests the radio or audio amplifier sound a chime to indicated that the belt is unbuckled. This is accompanied by a flashing passenger seat belt indicator. If the belt remains unbuckled, the chime cycle may continue multiple times if the vehicle is driven and the indicator will remain on solid. If an object is placed on the passenger seat, the passenger presence system may interpret this as a passenger occupying the seat. Because the passenger seat belt is unbuckled, the passenger seat belt reminder chime will sound. To correct this, remove the object from the passenger seat.
  • Exterior Lamps On Warning - If the exterior lamps are left on after the ignition is turned off and the driver door is opened, the BCM will request the radio or audio amplifier sound a chime as an indicator that the exterior lamps are on.
  • Electric Parking Brake (if equipped) - If the electric parking brake switch is pressed while the vehicle is in motion, the parking brake control module will request the radio or audio amplifier sound a chime. To release the parking brake, the brake pedal must be pressed when the electric parking brake switch is pressed. If the brake pedal is not pressed, the parking brake control module will request the radio or audio amplifier sound a chime. A message will also appear on the driver information center.
  • Delayed Locking - If the keyless entry transmitter is not in the vehicle and the door lock switch is pressed with the driver door open, the BCM will request the radio or audio amplifier sound a chime three times to indicate that the vehicle has entered a delayed locking state. The doors will automatically lock five seconds after the last door is closed.
  • Object Detection - The object detection system sends various chime requests to the radio or audio amplifier during normal operation.

Additional Warnings

The following warnings have an associated instrument cluster indicator or driver information center message:

  • Turn Signal Indicators - The radio or audio amplifier activates the audible warning as requested by the BCM.
  • Vehicle Overspeed Message - The radio or audio amplifier activates the audible warning as requested by the BCM.
  • Fuel Level Low Message - The radio or audio amplifier activates the audible warning as requested by the BCM.
  • Oil Pressure Indicator - The radio or audio amplifier activates the audible warning as requested by the BCM.
  • Tire Pressure Low Indicator - The radio or audio amplifier activates the audible warning as requested by the BCM.
  • Antilock Brake Indicator - The radio or audio amplifier activates the audible warning as requested by the electronic brake control module.
  • Engine Cooling System Messages - The radio or audio amplifier activates the audible warning as requested by the engine control module.
  • Transmission Messages - The radio or audio amplifier activates the audible warning as requested by the transmission control module.

Backup Alarm (with 8S3)

When transmission placed in reverse, the Body Control Module (BCM) activates the KR61 Trailer Backup Lamps Relay which supplies 12V to the reverse lamps and the Backup Alarm simultaneously.

DRIVER INFORMATION CENTER (DIC) DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

The driver information center is located in the lower middle portion of the instrument cluster, between the speedometer and the tachometer. The driver information center displays information about the vehicle and allows the operator to access applications. It also displays warning messages if a system problem is detected.

The driver information center is made up of three distinct display zones. In the middle is an interactive application display zone. The application display zone allows access to the info application, navigation application, audio application, phone application, or settings application. To the left is the application selection menu and to the right are interactive information display zones. The information display zone contains multiple pages that display traditional vehicle information.

Each of the displays zones can be selected and their associated pages scrolled through using the steering wheel mounted driver information display switch.

HEAD-UP DISPLAY DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

The head-up display projects an image on the windshield that is viewed from the driver seat.

Information that is relevant to what the drive is currently doing is displayed, as well as any safety-critical information as it is happening.

The components of the head-up display are:

  • Head-Up Display
  • Instrument Cluster
  • Head-Up Display Switch

Head-Up Display

The head-up display is a slave device to the instrument cluster. The head-up display is powered through ignition voltage and ground. It communicates directly with instrument cluster via serial data and only has limited self-diagnosis capacity. Head-up display DTCs are reported through the instrument cluster.

The head-up display projects a full color image onto the windshield and is only viewable from the driver seat. The image location and brightness is adjustable using the head-up display switch. The image information is received from the instrument cluster through a video cable.

Instrument Cluster

The instrument cluster sends the image information to the head-up display via a discrete video cable.

The image sent to the head-up display is closely related to the information currently being displayed on the instrument cluster or driver information center. For example, if an incoming phone call is displayed in the cluster, this information will be displayed on the head-up display. If a navigation alert is shown in the cluster, then a turn-by-turn alert will display on the head-up display. When the operator interacts with the instrument cluster using the steering wheel mounted driver information center switch, the head-up display also responds to the interaction. If the operator dismisses the navigation alert on the instrument cluster, it is also removed from the head-up display.

Head-Up Display Switch

The head-up display switch is a multiplexed switch that controls the head-up display based on driver inputs. The head-up display provides the switch with a low reference and monitors a signal circuit. The head-up display switch is made up of a resistor ladder and three switches: Dim +/-, Up/Down, and Page.

When a switch is pressed, the signal voltage is pulled low through the resistor ladder. When pressed, each of the switches will result in a different signal voltage seen by the head-up display, depending on the switch's location on the resistor ladder.

Head-Up Display Operation

In normal operation, the operator may select from three different display configurations. These display configurations provide the operator with different information, with the vehicle speed being the primary item, along with the following standard indicators:

  • Turn signal indicators
  • High beam indicator
  • Lane departure warning indicator (if equipped)
  • Vehicle detected ahead indicator (if equipped)
  • Adaptive cruise control on indicator (if equipped)

Standard/Speed Configuration

The head-up display projects only the vehicle speed. Additionally, the outside air temperature, compass, and time may also be displayed.

Audio Configuration

The head-up display will project the current audio information when listening to the audio system and the active phone information if the operator is on a phone call.

Navigation Configuration

The head-up display will project navigation information. If a current route is being followed, turn by turn instructions and arrows will be displayed. If no route is programed, the compass heading is displayed.

Performance Configuration

The head-up display will project RPM and PRNDL information.

Adaptive Cruise Control Configuration (if equipped)

The head-up display will project the selected following distance when adaptive cruise control is active.

INDICATOR/WARNING MESSAGE DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

INDICATOR LIGHT ON

Refer to the OWNER'S MANUAL for the descriptions and explanations of all indicator lights.

For diagnosis and repair information related to an indicator light refer to the System Diagnosis and the Description of Operation that the message relates to.

MESSAGE DISPLAYED

Refer to the OWNER'S MANUAL for descriptions and explanations of all messages displayed.

For diagnosis and repair information related to a displayed message refer to the System Diagnosis and the Description of Operation that the message relates to.

CHANGE TIMING BELT MESSAGE

The Instrument Cluster monitors the odometer mileage to determine when timing belt (if equipped) replacement may be necessary. After the vehicle has accumulated approximately 100, 000 miles (160, 000 kilometers), the Instrument Cluster may display the CHANGE TIMING BELT message. After the engine timing belt has been replaced, reset the CHANGE TIMING BELT message by locating and removing the fuses that supply power to the Instrument Cluster for two minutes.

BRAKES OVERHEATED

The Electronic Brake Control Module monitors brake usage and compares it to an internal thermal model to determine if the brakes could become overheated. If the Electronic Brake Control Module determines the brakes pads have exceeded a desirable temperature based on the thermal model, it sends a serial data message to the Instrument Cluster to display the BRAKES OVERHEATED message. The message remains displayed until the estimated temperature returns to a desirable range.

Transmission Shift Lever Position Indicator

The Transmission Shift Lever Position Indicator (if equipped) is located on the center console and indicates the current transmission shift lever position. The Transmission Shift Lever Position Indicator receives power and ground and is controlled by the Body Control Module (BCM) via serial data. The Transmission Control Module determines transmission shift lever position based on signals from the Transmission Internal Mode Switch and sends the shift lever position information to the BCM via serial data.

Instrument Cluster Description and Operation

Instrument Cluster (with RPO UDC)

The instrument cluster is a multifunction module that provides the vehicle operator with information that is critical to vehicle operation, such as vehicle speed, engine RPM, oil pressure, battery voltage, fuel level, and coolant temperature, using analog gauges. The instrument cluster also provides the operator with operational warnings and message through various indicators and the driver information center. The driver information center is a one color multifunction display that is located in the instrument cluster.

The driver information center has several screens that can be scrolled through by twisting the trip reset stem.

Instrument Cluster (with RPO UDD)

The instrument cluster is a multifunction module that provides the vehicle operator with information that is critical to vehicle operation, such as vehicle speed, engine RPM, oil pressure, battery voltage, fuel level, and coolant temperature, using analog gauges. The instrument cluster also provides the operator with operational warnings and message through various indicators and the driver information center. The driver information center is a full color multifunction display that is located in the instrument cluster.

The driver information center is also tightly integrated with the vehicle's infotainment system and is highly reconfigurable.

Instrument Cluster (with RPO UHS)

The instrument cluster is a multifunction module that provides the vehicle operator with information such as vehicle speed and engine RPM using analog gauges. Oil pressure, battery voltage, fuel level, and coolant temperature can also be displayed using an interactive LCD display. The instrument cluster is highly reconfigurable, with four different themes available for selection. The instrument cluster also provides the operator with operational warnings and message through various indicators and the driver information center. Because the instrument cluster is an LCD display, driver information center elements are located in various zones of the display, depending on how the instrument panel is configured.

Displays and Gauges

AT - Automatic Transmission
MT - Manual Transmission
P16 - P16 Instrument Cluster
P9 - P9 Driver Information Center Display
S78 - S78 Turn Signal/Multifunction Switch
B9 - B9 Ambient Air Temperature Sensor
B14A - B14A Transmission Output Shaft Speed Sensor
T12 - T12 Automatic Transmission Assembly
B115 - B115 Vehicle Speed Sensor
K20 - K20 Engine Control Module
B46 - B46 Fuel Level Sensor
A7 -A7 Fuel Pump and Level Sensor Assembly
B37 - B37 Engine Oil Pressure Switch
B46B - B46B Fuel Level Sensor - Secondary
B34 - B34 Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor

Indicators and Warning Messages

Refer to Indicator/Warning Message Description and Operation.

Engine Coolant Temperature Gauge (if equipped)

The instrument cluster displays the engine coolant temperature as determined by the engine control module (ECM). The ECM sends the engine coolant temperature information via serial data to the body control module (BCM). The BCM then sends the information via a serial data to the instrument cluster to display the engine coolant temperature.

Engine Oil Pressure Gauge (if equipped)

The IPC displays the engine oil pressure as determined by the ECM. The engine oil pressure sensor changes voltage based on the engine oil pressure. The engine oil pressure sensor is a 3-wire sensor comprising of the signal circuit, the low reference circuit and the 5 V reference circuit. The ECM supplies 5 V to the engine oil pressure sensor via the 5 V reference circuit and provides ground via the low reference circuit. The ECM monitors the signal circuit of the engine oil pressure sensor to determine if the engine oil pressure sensor voltage is within the normal operating range of approximately 1 - 4 V.

When the engine oil pressure is high, the engine oil pressure sensor voltage is high and the ECM senses a high signal voltage. When the engine oil pressure is low, the engine oil pressure sensor voltage is low and the ECM senses a low signal voltage. The ECM sends the engine oil pressure information to the instrument cluster via serial data. The instrument cluster will illuminate or display the engine oil pressure indicator when the engine oil pressure is low. The engine oil pressure gauge defaults to 0 kPa (0 psi) if:

  • The ECM detects a malfunction in the engine oil pressure sensor signal circuit.
  • The IPC detects a loss of serial data communication with the ECM.

Fuel Level Gauge

The K20 Engine Control Module monitors the fuel level sensor. When the fuel tank is full, the resistances of the fuel level sensor is low and the control module senses a low signal voltage on the signal circuit of the fuel level sensor. When the fuel tank is empty, the resistance of the fuel level sensor is high and the control module senses a high signal voltage. The K20 Engine Control Module converts the signal input to a fuel level value. The ECM sends the fuel level signal via serial data to the BCM.

The BCM then sends the information via serial data to the instrument cluster to display the fuel level.

The instrument cluster displays the fuel level based on the information from the ECM. If the fuel level falls under 11% the instrument cluster will illuminate the low fuel level indicator. The fuel gauge defaults to empty if:

  • The ECM detects a malfunction in the fuel level sensor circuit.
  • The BCM detects a loss of serial data communications with the ECM.
  • The instrument cluster detects a loss of serial data communications with the BCM.

Speedometer

The instrument cluster displays the vehicle speed based on the information from the ECM. The ECM sends the vehicle speed information via serial data to the BCM. The BCM then sends the vehicle speed information via serial data to the instrument cluster to display the vehicle speed.

Odometer

The instrument cluster displays the vehicle odometer in the driver information center. The ECM send a distance rolling count message via serial data to the body control module (BCM). The BCM uses this information to calculate the vehicle odometer. This odometer value is then sent to the instrument cluster.

The instrument cluster does not calculate the odometer.

The odometer value is stored in multiple modules. The instrument cluster is a secondary storage module for the odometer, while the BCM is the primary storage and accumulator.

In addition to storing the odometer value for the vehicle, the instrument cluster and the BCM store the VIN. Software checks are performed to ensure these modules, and their stored odometer information, can not be move or transferred between different vehicles.

Tachometer

The instrument cluster displays the engine speed based on the information from the ECM. The ECM converts the data from the crankshaft position sensor to an engine revolution signal. The ECM sends the engine speed information via serial data to the BCM. The BCM then sends the information via serial data to the instrument cluster to display the engine speed.

Compass (with UE1)

If equipped with this option, the vehicle compass information is gathered through the Telematics Communication Interface Control Module. The Telematics Communication Interface Control Module determines vehicle direction and communicates this with the BCM through serial data. The BCM sends the compass information to the Instrument Cluster via serial data, where it is displayed.

Compass (without UE1)

If equipped with this option, the vehicle compass information is gathered through the Compass Module.

The Compass Module determines vehicle direction and communicates this with the BCM through serial data. The BCM sends the compass information to the instrument cluster via serial data, where it is displayed.

Outside Air Temperature

The outside air temperature can be accessed through the driver information center Trip/Fuel switch function. The driver information center shows the outside air temperature as a damped value. The time and rate of the temperature update is based on an algorithm in the instrument cluster or ECM. Factors such as last temperature reading, current temperature reading, length of time the vehicle was off, current vehicle speed, and the distance driven effect when the displayed temperature is updated. To get the vehicle to display the most accurate temperature faster, drive the vehicle. Constant moving traffic will update the display to the correct temperature more quickly than stop and go traffic.

Driver Information Center Display

The driver information center is located in the lower middle portion of the instrument cluster, between the speedometer and the tachometer. The driver information center displays information about the vehicle and allows the operator to access applications. It also displays warning messages if a system problem is detected.

The driver information center is made up of three zones. The left zone is a list of the applications that can be displayed. The right zone contains choices to customize what information is displayed for the respective application chosen. In the middle is the interactive application display zone. The application display zone allows access to the navigation application, audio application, phone application, or settings applications. The information display zone contains multiple pages that display vehicle information. The compass and PRNDL are displayed at all times in the lower portion of the display zone.

The driver information center can also be configured with several different themes. Changing the theme is accomplished using the infotainment system faceplate settings page. The chosen theme is used for both the faceplate and the driver information center displays.

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